What a fascinating experience it was to cross through the Panama Canal on board the Norwegian Sun. I enjoyed it so much more than I thought I was going to. Absolutely a fascinating experience, in a life full of fascinating experiences. My Fab Fifties Life.
Incredibly we had a glorious sunny and hot day (the next day was cloudy, wet and stormy), so we felt lucky as we stumbled out of our stateroom a little after 6:00am, for what would be about an eleven hour excursion through the 80km canal – an engineering wonder of the world.
The Panama Canal connects the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, cut through one of the narrowest saddles of the isthmus that joins North and South America. The Canal uses a system of locks with entrance and exit gates that function to raise the ships from sea level to the level of Gatun Lake (a man-made lake) 26 meters above sea level.
We began on the Atlantic side passing first through the Gatun Locks (named for the town located here) at 7:00am. It took about two hours to pass through this first set of three locks (see video).
Our ship, the Norwegian Sun, is a relatively small cruise ship, just under 900 feet long. The locks we passed through are the original locks – the longest ship that can pass through these locks is 1000 feet (304.8 meters). Curiously the Panama Transit Authority uses feet and inches rather than meters in all transit communication.
A new set of locks (opened in 2016) now can accommodate larger vessels, up to 1200 feet long and 158 feet wide known as Neopanamax ships. Norwegian’s newest ship, Bliss, which is 1100 feet uses the new canal.
The water used to raise and lower the ships in the locks comes from Gatun Lake by gravity; it comes into the locks through a system of main culverts that extend under the lock chambers from the sidewalls and center wall. The narrowest portion of the canal is the Culebra Cut, which extends from the north end of Pedro Migues Locks to the south edge of Gatun Lake. It is approximately 8.5 miles carved through the rock and shale of the Continental Divide.
The Panama Canal is a saga of human ingenuity and courage that dates back to the early 16th century when the Spaniards arrived to the Isthmus. Since then, the idea of building a route that would link the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans was discussed.
The French began the first effort in 1880, but abandoned the effort when financial problems as well as tropical diseases made it impossible to continue.
At the urging of the United States, Panama broke from Colombia and declared its independence in 1903, resulting in the partnership with the USA to begin construction once again on the passage. The canal was completed in August 1914 and as per the original agreement the USA administered the canal until December 31, 1999 when Panama assumed full operation.
The world’s greatest shortcut provided a boost to world trade and transit, by cutting transit time from the Atlantic to the Pacific (and vice versa) by approximately three weeks.
A private yacht may pay $2000 or less and a large commercial ship up to $150,000. The cost is still less than sailing around South America. Interesting fact: Panama Canal authorities used to charge swimmers 36 cents to pass through.
Toll for crossing through the canal for a ship the size of the Norwegian Sun is approximately $250,000 (1500 passengers). A giant cruise ship such as the Bliss, will pay $890,000 (4000 passengers). The tolls are calculated with numerous factors including size, revenue earnings and number of passengers. A universal measurement system is used, taxing every 100 cubic feet of passenger space (cabins, dining, entertainment areas) but not bridge or crew areas. Usually $5 per cubic foot.
Cruise operators will often include in the cost of the cruise approximately $140 per person as a surcharge.
Panama is now one of the fastest expanding countries in world trade. The canal generates 2 billion dollars for Panama annually. The canal is vital to the world’s prosperity and is clearly an enormous feat of humanity, linking the world.
As we exited the final locks on the Pacific side (Pedro Miguel) at 5:30pm we completed more than ten hours of transiting through one of the wonders of the world – the world’s greatest shortcut. As the world moves through the challenges of nationalism versus globalization, as well as the impending and potentially disastrous effects of climate change, new and expanded canals are being considered. The wildly successful Panama Canal has sparked interest in Nicaragua for possible construction of a new canal there. China is poised to capitalize as a world power in potential new canals around the world, with the construction knowhow and trade-savvy chops to lead in the building of such a canal.
Cruising through the Panama Canal was certainly the highlight of our 15 days onboard the Norwegian Sun. Fabulous !
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